What is Hematite?
- Hematite is a metallic grey iron oxide mineral and due to it's high iron content Hematite displays a blood like red colour when oxidised.
- Hematite is also known as Haematite.
How is Hematite formed?
- Hematite is formed primarily in sedimentary beds and sometimes in igneous and metamorphic rocks.
- The different varieties of Hematite include; kidney ore, which has the bubbly looking botryoidal formation, specularite which forms highly reflective tabular crystals, pencil ore which is a compact fibrous form often used in jewellery making.
- Hematite is commonly found in masses although it does occasionally occur in tabular crystals which can form rosettes.
- Hematite has a hexagonal crystal system and a hardness of Mohs 5 - 6.
Where is Hematite found around the planet?
- As Hematite is the main mineral in the majority of iron ore deposits it is found in abundance around the planet, with notable sources found in Europe and North America.
- Some of the finest polished Hematite is sourced from Brazil.
What is the history and folklore of Hematite?
- Hematite gets it's name from 'haima' the Greek word for blood.
- In England Hematite was worn by warriors as it was believed to preserve the blood of the fallen in battle.
- Hematite is also known in folklore as 'volcano spit'.
- During explorations to Mars a significant amount of Hematite was found causing speculation about the planet's past environment and how much water may once have been there.
How do I care for Hematite?
- Wipe over polished surfaces with a soft dry cloth, gently dust between crevices with a soft bristle brush.
- Hematite is very brittle and can shatter on impact.